Tracking Australia’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Picture1The National Greenhouse Accounts is published in Australia by the Department of the Environment which track national emissions since 1990. The data is broken down into countrywide, by state and by specific industries. The purpose of the collected and published data is to meet the reporting commitments of Australia under the rules of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change. This organisation is generally known as UNFCCC. It further tracks the progress against targets set by Australia under the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, it serves to inform the general public and other policy makers in Australia.


Included in Australia’s Greenhouse Accounts is a Quarterly Update of Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory. This update is a publication series reporting on the latest gas emission estimates in Australia. Also included is the Australian Greenhouse Emissions Information System as called AGEIS. The AGEIS is an online database designed and implemented to provide detailed data on greenhouse gas emissions contained in the National Greenhouse Accounts. The data in AGEIS is available at both National and State level to the various role players, queries can be handled through a dynamic interface and search functions incorporated in the system.

State and Territory Greenhouse Gas Inventory reports in the account provide an overview of greenhouse gas emissions for both state and territories that is derived from the latest available data collected. It works under the same accounting rules applying to the Kyoto Protocol.


The National Inventory by Economic Sector provides interested parties with information regarding national emissions that is disaggregated by the Australia-New Zealand Standard Industry Classification. The ANZSIC complements the National Inventory Report as well as the Quarterly Update in many ways, one of them being that it provides estimates of emissions that are classified on progress based emission categories.


Australia’s National Inventory Report is submitted to UNFCCC and forms an integral part of Australia’s obligations under both the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. The report contains data collected from 1990 on estimates for national greenhouse gas emissions and the methods used to calculate the estimations.


The report contains information on greenhouse gas accounting specifically in the Land Sector as well as the Full Carbon Accounting Model or FullCAM.


The data contained in the National Greenhouse Accounts Factors is available and used by companies and individuals to calculate and predict estimates for greenhouse gas emissions. This report is not published as part of the reporting process for the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007. All reporting under the NGER Act is covered by the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Determination 2008.


Some of the available National Greenhouse Accounts fact sheets that provide an overview of the national inventory systems and methodologies used for land sector reporting can be obtained by following this link:


To follow progress of the National Inventory can be seen in a timeline of reports published from the National Greenhouse Accounts. The link to this is:


In summary the UNFCCC website http://unfccc.int/national_reports/items/1408.php contain details of annual inventories of other developed countries.



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